As medical fields are promoting the health benefits of nutritious food and exercise, both old and young are now becoming more active. Due to this, injuries and overuse of joints, bones, and muscle is quite common, specifically in baby boomers. Some common conditions that require treatment are arthritis, osteoarthritis, and degenerative joint disease. All these problems are studies by the medical specialty field called orthopaedics. In fact, it has now become one of the most sought after fields by all those who are interested in better quality of life.

So what is Orthopaedics?

Orthopaedics is the study of musculokeletal system that involves joints, bones, tendons, ligaments, nerves, and muscles. Orthopedists (orthopedic doctors) have specialization in the diagnosis and treatment of various musculoskeletal system under this field.
An orthopedists undergoes intense training with medical school, subspecialty, and residency work, and most often research. An orthopedist often works in more defined areas within the orthopedics field, such as:

• Hand surgery
• Total joint reconstruction (arthroplasty)
• Shoulder and elbow surgery
• Foot and ankle surgery
• Pediatric orthopedics
• Musculoskeletal oncology
• Spine surgery
• Orthopedic trauma
• Surgical sports medicine

Mostly, orthopedists have choice on ways in which they would want to treat conditions. They may either opt for non- surgical or surgical remedies with their patients. Orthopedists that have specialization in various non-surgical musculoskeletal remedies include chiropractors, physiotherapists, kinesiologists, podiatrists, and occupational therapists.

Orthopedic surgeon is a one that uses surgery or medicine to remedy various musculoskeletal conditions include orthopaedics, and orthopedic surgeons. They use surgery and medicine to remedy conditions about musculoskeletal system such as:

• Physical Therapy
• Hand, Foot and Spinal Surgery
• Joint Replacements
• Prosthetics

Joint replacements (shoulders, hips, knees) is one of the most common surgeries performed in orthopaedic clinic. Mostly, patients determine whether they need to talk to doctor when their joint hurts for few days a week or if this pain interferes with their sleep. In cases where pain is intense, orthopaedic surgery is often recommended to enable patient to enjoy daily activities.

Arthroscopic surgery

When injuries or diseases damage bones, ligaments, cartilage, muscles, and tendons, orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopic surgery. Some common symptoms that may necessitate this type of intervention are chronic injury, inflammation, dislocation, rotator cuff tears, and carpal tunnel syndrome.

Depending upon their diagnosis, orthopedic surgeons may use both non-surgical and surgical methods for treating their patients in several conditions such as tumors sports injuries, infections, congenital disorders and musculoskeletal trauma. It is the duty of orthopaedic surgeon to get their patients up and moving once again, for enjoying a pain-free life. 

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM | human anatomy