The veins in the wrist may become painful due to different reasons, and medical examination is important for a proper diagnosis. However, you can read more on wrist pain here to help you make an appropriate choice.


Basic Information about the Wrist

The wrist joint is composed of nerves, ligaments, tendons and bones. The wrist can suffer different types of injuries, with the commonest ones being strains and sprains. Strains result from overuse of muscles or tendons attaching the arm and hand muscles to the wrist bones. On the other hand, sprains result from torn or overstretched ligaments, which connect and hold the wrist bones together.


Causes of Wrist Injury

Wrist injuries commonly result from two causes: repetitive motion and accident. The injuries generally manifest themselves in the form of pain, numbness, tingling and weakness in the wrist.


Causes of Wrist Vein Pain

Different medical conditions may lead to pain in the wrist veins, including:


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

This condition is caused by pressing or squeezing the median nerve at the wrist. This nerve, which runs from the palm of the hand to the forearm, controls sensations to the fingers, except the little finger, and palm side of the thumb. The carpal tunnel is a rigid and narrow passageway at the base of the hand made of ligaments and bones, which houses the tendons and median nerve. Narrowing of the tunnels compresses the median nerve, causing pain in the wrist.

Congenital predisposition plays a major role in development of carpal tunnel syndrome because some people naturally have narrow tunnels, with women being the most common sufferers. Other causes include injury, rheumatoid arthritis, hypothyroidism, work stress, mechanical problems in the wrist joint and overactive pituitary gland.


De Quervain’s Tendinosis:

The condition is caused by irritation of the tendons close to the base of the thumb, which become swollen. Patients feel tenderness and pain in the wrist on the thumb side. The pain increases in intensity when the sufferer turns the wrist, grips something or clenches the fingers into a fist. The pain may come either suddenly or gradually and move up to the forearm.

Although De Quervain’s tendinosis may result from overuse, it is also associated with conditions like rheumatoid disease and pregnancy, with middle-aged women being more prone to the condition.


Vascular Disorders:

Veins are responsible for transporting used blood from the fingertips into the lungs and heart while arteries supply oxygenated blood. There are many causes of vascular disorders, which are classified into five groups: compressive, vasospastic, traumatic, occlusive and malformations or tumors.

Diseases like kidney failure, hypertension and diabetes increase the risks of developing vascular disorders in addition to habits like smoking.

One of the symptoms of vascular insufficiency is pain in the veins.


Superficial Thrombophlebitis:

This is the condition whereby the veins become inflamed because of blood clots. It may result from recent use of an IV catheter or after an injury. Some people also develop the condition for no clear reason.

The skin just above the affected vein becomes tender and tissue becomes warm. There is also pain along the vein, which is worsened by applying pressure.